The Peneda-Gerês National Park (PNPG), with its 700 km2, goes from the Mourela plateau to the one in Castro Laboreiro, and includes the mountain ranges of Peneda, Soajo, Amarela and Gerês.
This mountainous region, essentially granitic, reveals in its high altitude areas the effects of the latest ice age.
Water is a permanent presence, from the top of the hills/mountains to the step and deep valleys.
The only Portuguese National Park presents na impressive bothanical diversity – woods, forests, riparian vegetation, peatlands and moist woods – with special relevance to the several rare and endemic species.
The PNPG is home to some of the most important oak forests in Portugal and interesting semi-natural habitats that shelter a diversity of animals with differentiated constitution: endemic (gold-striped salamander), endangered (Iberian wolf), limited distribution species (Whinchat)… In the agricultural mosaic the prairies and lime meadows stand out. Rich historical and cultural heritage (megalithic necropolis, traces of Romanization, castles, granaries, ovens, mills, dams, terraces, etc.) to which must be added the curious implantation of mountain villages and the presence of well-preserved traditional architecture sets.
Check out more on Natural.pt or on the Portuguese Nature Conservation and Forestry Institute (portuguese only).